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Chief Justice

Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon


Tenure: April 28, 1961 - May 29, 1966
Appointed by: Osmea

Birthdate: May 29, 1896
Died: September 03, 1992

Place of Birth: Camiling, Tarlac

Children: surviving: Eduardo, Soledad, Pacita, and Agustin. Died in infantry: Beatrice, and Cesar

Education:
  1. Elementary: Camiling Elementary School
  2. High School: Ateneo de Manila
  3. College: Bachelor of Arts, Ateneo de Manila (magna cum laude, with 42 scholarship medals), 1915
  4. Bachelor of Laws, College of Law, University of the Philippines, 1919
  5. Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, University of Manila, 1957
  6. Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, Ateneo de Manila University, 1964
  7. Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, University of the Philippines, 1964
  8. Doctor of Civil Law, honoris causa, University of Santo Tomas, 1967
  9. Passed the Bar exam in 2nd place, 1919


Professional Career:
  1. Law Clerk, Special Attorney then Assistant Attorney, Bureau of Justice, 1919 – 1931
  2. Special Attorney, Secretary of Justice, 1920
  3. Solicitor General, 1932
  4. Dean and Professor of Law, University of Manila, 1928 – 1932
  5. Professor of Law, University of Sto. Tomas and Philippine Law School, 1948 – 1954
  6. Undersecretary of Justice and Chairman of the Board of Pardons, 1933
  7. Associate Justice, Court of Appeals, 1936 – 1945
  8. Associate Justice, Supreme Court, 1945 – 1961
  9. Chief Justice, Supreme Court, 1961 – 1966
  10. Awards and Commendations:
  11. Attended, International Commission of Jurists Conference in Rio de Janeiro, 1962
  12. Organized the First Asian Judicial Conference composed of the Chief Justices of Southeast Asian countries in order to discuss the progress of Oriental jurisprudence, 1963
  13. Headed the Philippine delegation to the coronation of Pope Paul VI, 1963
  14. Represented, Bandung Conference in Indonesia, 1964
  15. Attended, Second Asian Judicial Conference in Japan, 1965
  16. Awardee, Code of Kalantiao, 1966
  17. Elected to membership, International Court of Justice, 1966
  18. Professional and Civic Organizations:
  19. President, Philippine Section, International Commission of Jurists, 1962 and 1966
  20. Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Civil Rights Foundation, 1964
  21. Member, Board of Regents, University of the Philippines
  22. President, Philippine Commission of Jurists


Awards:


Professional and Civil Organizations:


Books:
    Foreword, in Law and Diplomacy in a Changing World. Manila: Central Lawbook Pub., 1965. 271p.
  1. The Judicial System in the Philippines, in Report on the Proceedings of the First Asian Judicial Conference. Baguio City, May 21- 26, 1963. Baguio City: Supreme Court, 1963. p.149.
  2. Science, Letters and Law, in the Great Power at the Bar and the Bench. QC: Premium Printing Press, 1972. p. 1182-1194.
  3. Science, Letters and Law, in Reading Materials, Tenth Judicial Training Program for Trial Judges, Supreme Court, May 28-31, 1990, p. 58.
  4. Science, Letters and Law, in , in Reading Materials, Second Career Development Program for Municipal Judges, UP ISMED, Diliman, QC, September 3-7, 1990, p. 58.
  5. Speech, in the Proceedings of the Second Asian Judicial Conference. Japan, Supreme Court, 1966. p.277.
  6. Speech on Subject I, in the Proceedings of the Second Asian Judicial Conference. Japan, Supreme Court, 1966. p.77.
  7. Speech on Subject II, in the Proceedings of the Second Asian Judicial Conference. Japan, Supreme Court, 1966. p.221.
  8. Views and Vision of Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon. Manila: Supreme Court, 1996. 221p.
  9. Welcome Speech, in Report on the Proceedings of the First Asian Judicial Conference. Baguio City, May 21- 26, 1963. Baguio City: Supreme Court, 1963. p.234.


Periodicals:
  1. The Bench and Bar in News. 14 Lawyers J No. 3, 169 (Mar. 31, 1949)
  2. Bengzon, Cesar. Absolute Impartiality of Judges – An Imperative Requirement. 26 Lawyers J No. 6, 162 (June 30, 1961)
  3. Does the Philippine Judiciary have Judicial Independence? 6 Lawyers J No. 25, 771 (Sept. 10, 1938)
  4. Human Rights in Emerging Asian Nations. 2 PILJ No. 4, 545 (1963)
  5. The Lawyers’ Lack of Unity. 26 Lawyers J No. 10, 290 (Oct. 31, 1961)
  6. Liberty and Authority. 27 Lawyers J No. 12, 355 (Dec. 31, 1962)
  7. The Power of Thought. 20 Lawyers J No. 5, 209 (May 31, 1955)
  8. Science, Letters and Law. 30 Lawyers J No. 3, 65 (Mar. 31, 1965)
  9. There is Plenty of Room at the Top! 36 PLJ No. 5, 518 (Nov. 1961)
  10. Truth and Jjustice Shall Prevail. 29 Lawyers J No. 9, 263 (Sept. 30, 1964)
  11. Chief Justice Bengzon to the International Court of Justice (editorial) 31 Lawyers J No. 2, 37 (Feb. 28, 1966)
  12. Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon (editorial). 17 Decision Law J No. 4, 241 (April 30, 1961)
  13. Christmas Message. 25 Lawyers J No. 12, 353 (Dec. 31, 1960)
  14. Curriculum Vitae of Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon. 13 Lawyers J No. 2, 67 (Feb. 28, 1966)
  15. The Juristic Thinking of the Honorable Cesar Bengzon – Justice. 30 PLJ No. 1, 146 (Feb. 1955).
  16. A Man of Law, Integrity and Prestige (editorial). 31 Lawyers J No. 5, 149 (May 31, 1966)
  17. Resolutions Endorsing the Nomination of Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon to the International Court of Justice. 31 Lawyers J No. 2, 68 (Feb. 28, 1966)
  18. Speech of Chief Justice Bengzon Before the Philippine Lawyers’ Association on Constitution Day. Feb. 8, 1962. 27 Lawyers J No. 2, 35 (Feb. 28, 1962)
  19. Tribute to a Distinguished Jurist (editorial) 26 Lawyers J No. 1, 1 (Jan. 31, 1961)
  20. Views and Vision of Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon. Manila: Supreme Court, 1996. 221p.
  21. Welcome Speech, in Report on the Proceedings of the First Asian Judicial Conference. Baguio City, May 21- 26, 1963. Baguio City: Supreme Court, 1963. p.234.

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