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Chief Justice

Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro


Tenure: January 05, 1976 - April 19, 1979
Appointed by: Marcos

Birthdate: September 02, 1914
Died: April 19, 1979

Place of Birth: Laoag, Ilocos Norte

Children: Fred, Jr., Rowena C. Benipayo, Carlos, Frieda, and Melisande

Name of Spouse:
Natividad Hizon

Name of Parents :
Dr. Santos Castro and Engracia Ruiz

Education:
  1. Elementary: Studied in Pampanga
  2. High School: University of the Philippines
  3. Associate of Arts, University of the Philippines, 1932
  4. Bachelor of Laws, 1936
  5. Philosophy, 1937


Professional Career:
  1. Lieutenant, Philippine Army
  2. Assistant, Judge Advocate Service, Philippine Army, 1945
  3. Lecturer, 1949 – 1955
  4. Chief, Military Justice Division and War Crimes Division
  5. Judge Advocate General with the rank of full colonel
  6. Executive Secretary, 1954
  7. Vice-Chairman, Board of Philippine National Bank, 1954 – 1956
  8. Associate Justice, Court of Appeals, August 1956
  9. Associate Justice, Supreme Court
  10. Chief Justice, Supreme Court, January 5, 1976
  11. Awards and Commendations:
  12. Awardee, Legion of Merit Medal
  13. Two Distinguished Service stars, Armed Forces
  14. Fullbright Scholar and SmithMundt Fellow in public administration, 1955
  15. U.S. Department of State Foreign Leader grant to study judicial reforms in the United States was awarded to him, 1962
  16. Awardee, Oblation Award, 1966


Awards:


Professional and Civil Organizations:
  1. Member, U.P. Vanguard Fraternity


Books:
  1. Are Our Trial Courts Truly Independent, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 147.
  2. Advise to New Lawyers, in Oath-Taking Ceremonies for the Successful 1974 Bar Candidates, Cultural Center of the Philippines, Manila, June 5, 1975. p. 2
  3. Associate Justice Ruperto G. Martin: Apostle of Law. 9p
  4. The Bar and the Congested Dockets. Manila: Supreme Court, 1976. 9p.
  5. The Bar and the Congested Dockets, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 254.
  6. Challenging Judicial Precedents, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p.19.
  7. The Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro Lecture September 23, 1978. 37p.
  8. The Chief Justice on Human rights in the Philippines. QC: UP Law Center 15p.
  9. Commitment to the Constitution. 10p.
  10. Concurring Opinion of Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro. 13p.
  11. Cooperation in the Development of Law Among the Nations of the Asian Regional Community. 18p.
  12. Functions of the Chief Justice, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 143.
  13. Human Dignity Under Martial Law, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 579.
  14. Human Rights in the Philippines. Manila: Supreme Court, 1977. 20p.
  15. Imperatives in Constitutional Reforms of the Judiciary, in Philconsa Reader on Constitutional and Policy Issues; An Anthology of Writings From the Official Publication of the Philippine Constitution Association Concerning the National Polity. QC: UP Law Center, 1979. p. 318-327.
  16. The Independence of the Judiciary. 30p.
  17. Law and the Lawyer in a Changing Society. 12p.
  18. The Legal and Judicial Systems of the Philippines. 9p.
  19. The Legislative Power in the Present Constitutional Set-up of the Philippines. 17p.
  20. Let us Today Build the Bridges of Tomorrow. 19p.
  21. Lower Court Decisions & the Certiorari Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 136.
  22. Madame Justice Cecilia Munoz Palma. 8p.
  23. Making Free Access to the Courts a Reality (And Neighborhood Paral-legal System), in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 539.
  24. The Media and the Courts, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 446.
  25. Magsaysay Had Qualities of Effective Greatness, in Selected Speeches on Ramon Magsaysay on the 10th Year of His Death Anniversary 1957-1967. p. 8.
  26. The Philippine Judiciary in 1977. 21p.
  27. Report of the Commission on Bar Integration on the Integration of the Philippine Bar, November 30, 1972. Manila: Supreme Court, 1972. v.p.
  28. Resolution of the Court and Necrological Services. 50p.
  29. The Rights of Man and the Quest for Human Dignity, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 585.
  30. Selected Addresses of Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Manila: Supreme Court, 1976. 45p.
  31. Selected speeches of Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro
  32. The Situation, functions, Problems and Programs of the Courts, in 3 International Conference of Appellate Magistrates, Philippine International Convention Center, Manila, January 9 to 15, 1977, p. 436.
  33. Speeches of Fred Ruiz Castro as Chief Justice. QC: Central Lawbook Pub., 1996, 184p.
  34. The Supreme Court: An Instrument for Social Change. 9p.
  35. Two Speeches on the Constitution. QCL Central Lawbook Pub., 1971. 12p.
  36. Welcome speech.


Periodicals:
  1. The Bench and Bar. 14 Lawyers J. No. 7, 398 (July 31, 1949).
  2. Bengzon, Jose P. Persuasive Personality. 7 JIBP 2, 95 (second quarter 1979)
  3. Castro, Fred Ruiz. Apostasy in the Legal Profession. 3 JIBP No. 3, 174 (third quarter, 1975).
  4. A Call for Steadfastness. 3 JIBP No. 2, 92 (second quarter, 1975).
  5. Closing Address. 5 JIBP No. 1, 42 (first quarter, 1977).
  6. The Consumate Jurist. 3 JIBP No. 4, 248 (fourth quarter, 1975)
  7. Dr. Malquiades J. Gamboa. 49 PLJ No. 3, 293 (July 1974).
  8. Human Rights in the Philippines. 5 JIBP Nos. 3 & 4, 190 (third and fourth quarters, 1977).
  9. Imperatives in Constitutional Reforms of the Judiciary. 36 Lawyers J. No. 3, 74 (Mar. 31, 1971).
  10. The Integrated Bar Revisited. 4 JIBP No. 1, 46 (first quarter, 1976).
  11. JBL: He Towers Among Equals. 3 JIBP No. 2, 82 (second quarter. 1975).
  12. Keynote Address. 5 JIBP No. 5, 320 (special issue on probation).
  13. The Legal Basis of Military Tribunals in a Martial Law Situation. 25 UST Law Rev. No. 2, 24 (Sept.-Oct. 1974).
  14. Lower Court Decisions and the Certiorari Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. 25 Lawyers J. No. 4, 111 (Apr. 30, 1970).
  15. Making Free Access to the Courts a Reality. 4 JIBP Nos. 3 & 4, 214 (third and fourth quarters, 1976).
  16. A Sacred Charter for the Promised Land? 25 Lawyers J. No. 9, 291 (Sept. 30, 1970).
  17. A Time for Consecration. 3 JIBP No. 2, 113 (second quarter, 1975)
  18. A Stone for the Pillar. 1 JIBP No. 1, 62 (June 1973).
  19. Two Years of Bar Unification. 3 JIBP No. 1, 10 (first quarter, 1975).
  20. A Unified Bar and an Enlightened Citizenry. 15 SBLJ No. 1, 1 (Nov. 1973).
  21. Welcome Address. 3 JIBP No. 4, 258 (fourth quarter, 1975).
  22. Welcome Speech. 5 JIBP No. 1, 14 (first quarter, 1977)
  23. A Year of Challenge. 38 Lawyers J. No. 10, 371 (Oct. 31, 1973).
  24. Chief Justice Castro Dies. 7 JIBP No. 2, 101 (second quarter, 1979).
  25. Chief Justice Castro guest speaker at IBP Greater Manila Convention. 6 JIBP No. 1, 28 (first quarter, 1978).
  26. Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro. 7 JIBP No. 2, 83 (second quarter, 1979).
  27. Espino, General Romeo. Soldier Jurist. 7 JIBP 2, 94 (second quarter 1979)
  28. Fernando, Enrique M. Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro (1914-1979). His Legacy of Law Reform. 7 JIBP No. 2, 88 (second quarter, 1979).
  29. In Memoriam. Chief Justice Fred Ruiz Castro. 7 JIBP 2, 85 (second quarter 1979)
  30. Marcos, Ferdinand E. Social Visionary. 7 JIBP 2, 86 (second quarter 1979)
  31. Mendoza, Vicente V. Chief Justice Castro: An Estimate. 7 JIBP No. 2, 96 (second quarter, 1979).
  32. Message from Associate Justice Fred Ruiz Castro, Chairman of the Commission on Bar Integration. 38 Lawyers J. No. 9, 334 (Sept. 30, 1973).
  33. Messages to the First Annual Convention of the House of Delegates. March 17 & 18, 1973: From the Chairman of the Commission of Bar Integration. 1JIBP No. 1, 42 (June 1973).
  34. Romulo, Carlos P. Fred Ruiz Castro. 7 JIBP No. 2, 94 (second quarter, 1979).

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