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[ OP EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 888, S. 2010, June 07, 2010 ]


WHEREAS, the Philippines is exposed to various types of hazards such as typhoons, floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes;

WHEREAS, the adverse impacts from climate variability and change including extreme events has not spared the Philippines;

WHEREAS, the estimated direct economic losses to the country have exceeded PHP28 billion annual average from 1990 to 2008 or reaching up to as high as 0.7% of the gross domestic product, on top of the losses in lives, to the social and environmental assets of communities;

WHEREAS, there is a need to reduce these losses and causative vulnerability as the country undergoes economic growth, population increase, and rapid urbanization;

WHEREAS, the Philippines has committed to work toward the goal of building communities resilient to natural disasters through active engagement with stakeholders;

WHEREAS, the country’s institutions and organizations involved in disaster management, both public and private, have shifted gradually from relief and response orientation to one of disaster preparedness and mitigation;

WHEREAS, it is necessary to sustain the gains from the positive effects and lessons learned from disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives by different stakeholders;

WHEREAS, the Philippines adopted the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015, which is a global blueprint for DRR;

WHEREAS, the Philippines needs to systematically address and sustain the implementation of DRR projects;

WHEREAS, DRR is consistent with sustainable development and supports the United Nations Millennium Development Goals specially the environment and poverty reduction objectives;

WHEREAS, the Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP) for Disaster Risk Reduction 2009-2019, which was formulated through an inclusive and participatory process involving government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations, professional associations, private sector, academe and the scientists, responds to the national challenge “to have a master plan for disaster mitigation” and serves as “a road map” for the next ten years;

WHEREAS, current level of government expenditure for DRR is practically equivalent to the annual economic losses and only half of the amount encompasses some objectives of the SNAP priority programs and projects;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, GLORIA MACAPAGAL ARROYO, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the power vested in me by law, do hereby order:

SECTION 1. Adoption of the Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP). The SNAP and its 18 priority programs/projects (P/Ps) listed below are hereby adopted. All agencies of primary responsibility are instructed to partner with other institutions where deemed appropriate.

P/P No.
Agency of Primary Responsibility (APR)

Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Act
Office of the Civil Defense
Multi-stakeholder Dialogues on Disaster Risk Reduction
Office of the Civil Defense

Institutionalization of Disaster Management Office (DMO)
Department of Interior and Local Government

Enhancing Capacity Development for Local Disaster Coordinating Councils (LDCCs)
Department of Interior and Local Government

Mainstreaming DRR into the Peace Process
Armed Forces of the Philippines and Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

Mainstreaming DRR in Various Government Plans and Programs
National Economic Development Authority

Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
Office of Civil Defense

Resource Mobilization
Department of Budget and Management

Information and Database Generation
Office of Civil Defense and Department of Science and Technology

Knowledge Management
Department of Science and Technology and Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Supporting DRR: Mainstreaming Through Sectoral Approach
Office of Civil Defense

Preparedness for Effective Disaster Response
Office of Civil Defense

Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Campaign
Philippine Information Agency

Institutional and Technical Capacity Building
Office of Civil Defense

Education and Research

For Education:
Department of Education

Commission on Higher Education

For Research:
Department of Science and Technology

Forecasting and Early Warning
Department of Science and Technology

Risk Evaluation
Department of Interior and Local Government

Development of Tools for Assessment and Monitoring of DRR Measures
National Economic Development Authority

SECTION 2. Institutionalizing Disaster Risk Reduction. All government agencies and government owned and controlled corporations (GOCCS) are hereby enjoined to systematically institutionalize DRR by:

1. Integrating DRR into policies, plans and programs;
2. Incorporation of DRR programs/ projects and activities (PPAs) into their budgets through the explicit recognition of budget lines for PPAs that are appropriate for mitigation and preparedness;
3. Participation in the 18 priority projects and programs of the SNAP, and;
4. Cooperation with national/international NGOs and the private sector towards safer and more resilient communities.

Local government units (LGUs) are likewise encouraged to integrate disaster risk reduction in their day-to-day operations and planning.

SECTION 3. Implementation of SNAP. The Office of Civil Defense (OCD) as the Secretariat and the Executive Arm of the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) shall oversee the implementation of SNAP and coordinate with the Agencies of Primary Responsibility (APRs). All APRs and relevant partners of the 18 priority programs and projects shall form Working Groups which shall be responsible for achieving the strategic objectives of the SNAP.

SECTION 4. Tasks of the APRs. The APRs are tasked to: (1) refine the individual SNAP program and project profiles; (2) develop respective work programmes per program and project (3) identify funding gaps relevant to the program/project; (4) seek ways and means on mobilizing resources in order to implement the program/project; (5) facilitate into a Working Group and appoint co-APRs in order to increase the Working Group’s reach in a speedy way.

SECTION 5. National Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction. In addition to its current functions, the NDCC is hereby designated as the national platform on DRR that will provide the national mechanisms for multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral consultation and coordination on the continuous development and implementation of policies, plans, and programs on DRR. The NDCC shall broaden the consultation process to tackle themes such as linkages of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through the multi-stakeholder dialogue which should be held once a year.

SECTION 6. Dissemination and Monitoring of the SNAP. To involve as many stakeholders as possible regarding the SNAP, all government departments and corporations are instructed to inform all their staff about SNAP and their particular roles in DRR. The NDCC is instructed to disseminate information on the SNAP, through the OCD, specifically to the local disaster coordinating councils and to prepare an annual report to the President on the progress of SNAP implementation.

SECTION 7. Effectivity. This Executive Order shall take effect immediately.


  By the President:

  Executive Secretary

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