504 Phil. 42
CARPIO MORALES, J.:
For and in consideration of the payment of the sum of PESOS: SIX HUNDRED FIFTY THOUSAND PESOS (P650,000.00) representingPetitioner, however, subsequently filed before the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC), National Capital Region, a complaint for additional "labor insurance" in the amount of NT$300,000.00, invoking Article II, Section 10 of the employment contract reading:Philippine Prudential Life Inc. Co., Inc.
Cert./Policy No. GART-743
receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, I, ROSALINA C. TAGLE of legal age, Filipino and a resident of Sariaya, Quezon, for myself and on behalf of my legitimate children/grandchildren/relatives/husband/wife, my heirs, assigns and successors in interest, do hereby release and discharge the Philippine Prudential Life Ins. Co., Inc., and all other persons having interest therein and thereby from all claims, demands, causes of action, etc., and all such other claims, demands, causes of action, etc., that may arise therefrom and/or incidentally connected therewith.
I hereby warrant that this Quitclaim may be pleaded as an absolute bar to any suit that either is now pending or may be henceforth prosecuted concerning matters referred to in the preceding paragraph. And in connection herewith, I promise to defend the right and to answer all costs of suits, of the Philippine Prudential Life Insurance Co., Inc., and all other persons having interest therein or thereby.
I further hereby warrant that I fully understand the terms and conditions of this Quitclaim, that the effects hereof had been explained to me in the language/dialect I understand, and that I have executed this document voluntarily and of my free will and that I was not under fraud, mistake, undue influence, intimidation, violence or any other vice or consent." (Emphasis and underscoring supplied)
On motion of FIC, the Labor Arbiter, by Order of September 19, 1996, dismissed the complaint of petitioner on the ground that by her prior execution of the Release, Waiver and Quitclaim she is barred from filing any subsequent action against FIC.
10. Compensation and Benefits: If after repatriation, the FISHERMAN still requires medical attention for work connected illness, he shall be so provided at cost to the EMPLOYER. The Employer shall pay the FISHERMAN 100% of his basic wages from the time he leaves the vessel for medical treatment until he is declared fit to work or the degree of permanent disability has been assessed by company-physician, but in no case shall this period exceed 120 days. Benefits for the FISHERMAN include compensation for service connected illness/injuries or death in accordance with social insurance laws and other pertinent provisions of the Taiwan Labor Law. Additional insurance coverage are in accordance with the POEA Standards for overseas fishermen. Additional Labor Insurance shall be provided to the FISHERMAN by the EMPLOYER with a limit of NT$300,000.00 per person (or its equivalent) for accident insurance covering fishermen regardless of whether accident occurred within and/or beyond work hours. In case of permanent total or partial disability of the FISHERMAN during the term of employment caused by either injury or illness, the FISHERMAN shall be compensated according to POEA Standard. The computation of the total permanent/partial disability of the FISHERMAN caused by injury sustained within a war zone area shall be based in the computation rate payable for death within the war zone area per POEA Standard. (Underscoring supplied)
Petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration of the NLRC Resolution having been denied by Resolution of September 11, 1998, she elevated the case to this Court via Petition for Certiorari filed on December 15, 1998, docketed as G.R. No. 136416.x x x
Records of this case show that respondent recruitment agency (FAST) is the Policy Holder of the aforesaid Insurance Policy of the deceased fisherman (Annex "A" of Complainants' Manifestation and Comment/Opposition). Its purpose therefore of insuring the decedent is not hard to discern i.e., to insulate itself from any eventuality which may arise during the effectivity of the employment contract for which the services of the deceased fisherman was contracted. Nothing on record would indicate that the P650,000.00 paid by Philippine Prudential Life Insurance Co. Inc. under Cert./Policy No. GART-743 is separate and distinct from the obligation of the respondent FAST and its principal (Huo Tung Yu Huang) arising from the employment contract. A careful reading and scrutiny of the particular provision of the employment contract now at issue simply provides that in addition to the benefits already mentioned, the Employer is mandated to provide the fisherman insurance coverage for accident in an amount not to exceed NT$300,000.00 per person. Considering that the risk insured against had happened, the insurance proceeds which was even more than double the amount of the policy was paid to herein complainant-appellant. On the basis of the complainant's-appellant's receipt of said insurance proceeds. Release Waiver and Quitclaim was executed in respondent's favor. We are therefore in full accord with the Labor Arbiter a quo that this release and quitclaim forever barred the filing of any subsequent action against respondent.
x x x (Emphasis and underscoring supplied)
WHETHER OR NOT THE RELEASE, WAIVER AND QUITCLAIM EXECUTED BY THE PETITIONER INCLUDED THE ADDITIONAL LABOR INSURANCE SHE IS ENTITLED TO AS PROVIDED FOR IN SECTION 10, ARTICLE II OF HER DECEASED HUSBAND'S EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT.By Decision promulgated on October 17, 2000, the CA, quoting with approval the earlier-quoted portion of the NLRC resolution, dismissed petitioner's petition, it finding "no shred of capriciousness or arbitrariness on the part of the respondent [NLRC]" in dismissing her appeal.
One. In Principe, the Motion to Dismiss filed by petitioner with POEA stated that the dismissal of the case would be without prejudice as regards private respondents. That situation did not take place in the case at bench.Petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration of the CA decision having been denied by Resolution of March 16, 2001, she filed the present Petition for Certiorari under Rule 65 of the Rules of Civil Procedure, instead of a Petition for Review on Certiorari under Rule 45, hence, a wrong remedy. On this score alone, the petition is dismissible.
Two. In Principe, the release paper signed by petitioner was only with regard to her claims against PSTSI. The second claim of Principe is against Chuan Hup who was not a party to the release document. The second claim was based upon the joint and solidary undertaking of PSTSI and Chuan Hup. No such circumstance existed in the case at bench.
Three. In Principe, in the release document, what was paid to petitioner for the death of her husband was only P7,000.00 which was an unconscionable amount while in the case at bench, the petitioner received P650,000.00. (Emphasis in the original, underscoring supplied)
WHETHER OR NOT THE RELEASE, WAIVER AND QUITCLAIM EXECUTED BY THE PETITIONER INCLUDED THE ADDITIONAL LABOR INSURANCE SHE IS ENTITLED TO AS PROVIDED FOR IN SECTION 10, ARTICLE II OF HER DECEASED HUSBAND'S EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT,she likewise reiterates the position she proffered in arguing in the negative.