409 Phil. 61

THIRD DIVISION

[ G.R. No. 113907, April 20, 2001 ]

MALAYANG SAMAHAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA M. GREENFIELD (MSMG-UWP), ITS PRESIDENT BEDA MAGDALENA VILLANUEVA, MARIO DAGANIO, DONATO GUERRERO, BELLA P. SANCHEZ, ELENA TOBIS, RHODA TAMAYO, LIWAYWAY MALLILIN,  ELOISA SANTOS, DOMINADOR REBULLO, JOSE IRLAND, TEOFILA QUEJADA, VICENTE SAMONTINA, FELICITAS DURIAN, ANTONIO POLDO, ANGELINA TUGNA, SALVADOR PENALOSA, LUZVIMINDA TUBIG, ILUMINADA  RIVERA,  ROMULO SUMILANG, NENITA BARBELONIA, LEVI BASILIA, RICARDO PALAGA, MERCY ROBLES, LEODEGARIO GARIN, DOMINGO ECLARINAL, MELCHOR GALLARDO, MARCELO GARIN, ROSALINA BAUTISTA, MARY ANN TALIGATOS, ALEJANDRO SANTOS, ANTONIO FRAGA, LUZ GAPULTOS, MAGDALENA URSUA, EUGENIO ORDAN, LIGAYA MANALO, PEPITO DELA PAZ, PERLITA DIMAQUIAT, MYRNA VASQUEZ, FLORENTINA SAMPAGA, ARACELI FRAGA, MAXIMINA FAUSTINO, MARINA TAN, OLIGARIO LOMO, PRECILA EUSEBIO, SUSAN ABOGANO, CAROLINA MANINANG, GINA GLIFONIA, OSCAR SOTTO, CELEDONA MALIGAYA, EFREN VELASQUEZ, DELIA ANOVER, JOSEPHINE TALIMORO, MAGDALENA TABOR, NARCISA SARMIENTO, SUSAN MACASIEB, FELICIDAD SISON, PRICELA CARTA, MILA MACAHILIG, CORAZON NUNALA, VISITACION ELAMBRE, ELIZABETH INOFRE, VIOLETA BARTE, LUZVIMINDA VILLOSA, NORMA SALVADOR, ELIZABETH BOGATE, MERLYN BALBOA, EUFRECINA SARMIENTO, SIMPLICIA BORLEO, MATERNIDAD DAVID, LAILA JOP, POTENCIANA CULALA, LUCIVITA NAVARRO, ROLANDO BOTIN, AMELITA MAGALONA, AGNES CENA, NOLI BARTOLAY, DANTE AQUINO, HERMINIA RILLON, CANDIDA APARIJADO, LYDIA JIMENEZ, ELIZABETH ANOCHE, ALDA MURO, TERESA VILLANUEVA, TERESITA RECUENCO, ELIZA SERRANO, ESTELLA POLINAR, GERTRUDES NUNEZ, FELIPE BADIOLA, ROSLYN FERNANDEZ, OSCAR PAGUTA, NATIVIDAD BALIWAS, ELIZABETH BARCIBAL, CYNTHIA ESTELLER, TEODORA SANTOS, ALICIA PILAR, MILA PATENO, GLORIA CATRIZ, MILA MACAHILIG, ADELAIDA DE LEON, ROSENDO EDILO, ARSENIA ESPIRITU, NUMERIANO CABRERA, CONCEPSION ARRIOLA, PAULINA DIMAPASOK, ANGELA SANGCO, PRESILA ARIAS, ZENAIDA NUNES, EDITHA IGNACIO, ROSA GUIRON, TERESITA CANETA, ALICIA ARRO, TEOFILO RUWETAS, CARLING AGCAOILI, ROSA NOLASCO, GERLIE PALALON, CLAUDIO DIRAS, LETICIA ALBOS, AURORA ALUBOG, LOLITA ACALEN, GREGORIO ALIVIO, GUILLERMO ANICETA, ANGELIE ANDRADA, SUSAN ANGELES, ISABELITA AURIN, MANUELA AVELINA, CARLING AGCAOILI, TERESITA ALANO, LOLITA AURIN, EMMABETH ARCIAGA, CRESENCIA ACUNA, LUZVMINDA ABINES, FLORENCIA ADALID, OLIVIA AGUSTIN, EVANGELINE ALCORAN, ROSALINA ALFERES, LORNA AMANTE, FLORENTINA AMBITO, JULIETA AMANONCO, CARMEN AMARILLO, JOSEFINA AMBAGAN, ZENAIDA ANAYA, MARIA ANGLO, EDITHA ANTA ZO, MARY JANE ANTE, ANDREA AQUINO, ROWENA ARABIT, MARIETA ARAGON, REBECCA ARCENA, LYDIA ARCIDO, FERNANDO ARENAS, GREGORIO ARGUELLES, EDITHA ARRIOLA, EMMA ATIENZA, EMMA ATIENZA, TEODY ATIENZA, ELIZABETH AUSTRIA, DIOSA AZARES, SOLIDA AZAINA, MILAGROS BUAG, MARIA BANADERA, EDNALYN BRAGA, OFELIA BITANGA, FREDISMINDA BUGUIS, VIOLETA BALLESTEROS, ROSARIO BALLADJAY, BETTY BORIO, ROMANA BAUTISTA, SUSARA BRAVO, LILIA BAHINGTING, ENIETA BALDOZA, DAMIANA BANGCORE, HERMINIA BARIL, PETRONA BARRIOS, MILAGROS BARRAMEDA, PERLA BAUTISTA, CLARITA BAUTISTA, ROSALINA BAUTISTA, ADELINA BELGA, CONSOLACION BENAS, MARIA BEREZO, MERCEDES BEREBER, VIOLETA BISCOCHO, ERNESTO BRIONES, ALVINA BROSOTO, AGUSTINA BUNYI, CARMEN BUGNOT, ERLINDA BUENAFLOR, LITA BAQUIN, CONSEJO BABOL, CRISANTA BACOLOD, CELIA DE BACTAT, MAZIMA BAGA, ELENA BALADAD, ROSARIO BALADJAY, AMALIA BALAGTAS, ANITA BALAGTAS, MARIA BALAKIT, RUFINA BALATAN, REBECCA BALDERAMA, AMELIA BALLESTER, BELEN BARQUIO, BERNANDITA BASILIDES, HELEN BATO, HELEN BAUTISTA, ROMANA BAUTISTA, ALMEDA BAYTA, AVELINA BELAYON, NORMA DE BELEN, THELMA DE BELEN, JOCELYN BELTRAN, ELENA BENITEZ, VIRGINIA BERNARDINO, MERLINA BINUYAG, LINA BINUYA, BLESILDA BISNAR, SHIRLEY BOLIVAR, CRESENTACION MEDLO, JOCELYN BONIFACIO, AMELIA BORBE, AMALIA BOROMEO, ZENAIDA BRAVO, RODRIGO BEULDA, TERESITA MENDEZ, ELENA CAMAN, LALIANE CANDELARIA, MARRY CARUJANO, REVELINA CORANES, MARITESS CABRERA, JUSTINA CLAZADA, APOLONIA DELA CRUZ, VICTORIA CRUZ, JOSEFINA DELA CRUZ, MARITESS CATANGHAL, EDNA CRUZ, LUCIA DE CASTRO, JOSIE CARIASO, OFELIA CERVANTES, MEDITA CORTADO, AMALIA CASAJEROS, LUCINA CASTILIO, EMMA CARPIO, ANACORITA CABALES, YOLANDA CAMO, MILA CAMAZUELA, ANITA CANTO, ESTELA CANCERAN, FEMENCIA CANCIO, CYNTHIA CAPALAD, MERLE CASTILLO, JESUSA CASTRO, CECILIA CASTILLO, SILVERITA CASTRODES, VIVIAN CELLANO, NORMA CELINO, TERESITA  CELSO, GLORIA COLINA, EFIPANIA CONSTANTINO, SALVACION CONSULTA, MEDITA CORTADO, AIDA CRUZ, MARISSA DELA CRUZ, EDITO CORCILLES, JELYNE CRUZ, ROSA CORPOS, ROSITA CUGONA, ELSIE CABELLES, EMMA CADUT, VICTORIA CALANZA, BARBARA CALATA, IMELDA CALDERON, CRISTINA CALIDGUID, EMMALINDA CAMALON, MARIA CAMERINO, CARMENCITA CAMPO, CONNIE CANEZO, LOURDES CAPANANG, MA. MILAGROS CAPILI, MYRNA T. CAPIRAL, FLOR SAMPAGA, SUSAN B. CARINO, ROSARIO CARIZON, VIRGINIA DEL CARMEN, EMMA CARPIO, PRESCILA CARTA, FE CASERO, LUZ DE CASTRO, ANNA CATARONGAN, JOSEFINA CASTISIMO, JOY MANALO, EMMIE CAWALING, JOVITA CARA, MARINA CERBITO, MARY CAREJANO, ESTELA R. CHAVEZ, CONCEPCION PARAJA, GINA CLAUDIO, FLORDELIZA CORALES, EDITO CORCIELER, ROSA C. CORROS, AMELIA CRUZ, JELYNE CRUZ, WILFREDO DELA CRUZ, REINA CUEVAS, MARILOU DEJECES, JOSEPHINE DESACULA, EDITHA DEE, EDITHA DIAZ, VIRGIE DOMONDON, CELSA DOROPAW, VIOLETA DUMELINA, MARIBEL DIMATATAC, ELBERTO DAGANIO, LETECIA DAGOHOY, DINDO DALUZ, ANGELITA DANTES, GLORIA DAYO, LUCIA DE CASTRO, CARLITA DE GUZMAN, CARMEN DELA CRUZ, MERCY DE LEON, MARY DELOS REYES, MARIETA DEPILO, MATILDE DIBLAS, JULIETA DIMAYUGA, TEODORA DIMAYUGA, YOLANDA DOMDOM, LUCITA DONATO, NELMA DORADO, RITA DORADO, SUSAN DUNTON, HERMINIA SAN ESTEBAN, AMALI EUGENIO, OLIVIA EUSOYA, ERNESTO ESCOBIN, EVELYN ESCUREL, LYDIA ESCOBIN, VICENTE E. ELOIDA, ELENA EGAR, GLORIA ERENO, NORMA ESPIRIDION, ARSENIA ESPIRITU, AURORA ESTACIO, DEMETRIA ESTONELO, MILAGROS FONSEGA, LYDIA FLORENTINO, JULIA FARABIER, TRINIDAD FATALLA, IMELDA FLORES, JESSINA FRANCO, MA. CRISTINA FRIJAS, ESPECTACION FERRER, BERDENA FLORES, LEONILA FRANCISCO, BERNARDA FAUSTINO, DOLORES FACUNDO, CRESTITA FAMILARAN, EMELITA FIGUERAS, MA. VIRGINIA FLORENDO, AURORA FRANCISCO, MA. JESUSA FRANCISCO, NENITA FUENTES, MARILOU GOLINGAN, JUANITA GUERRERO, LYDIA GUEVARRA, SOCORRO GONZAGA, PATRICIA GOMEO, ROSALINDA GALAPIN, CARMELITA GALVEZ, TERESA GLE, SONIA GONZALES, PRIMITA GOMEZ, THERESA GALUA, JOSEFINA GELUA, BRENDA GONZAGA, FLORA GALLARDO, LUCINDA GRACILLA, VICTORIA GOZUM, NENITA GAMAO, EDNA GARCIA, DANILO GARCIA, ROSARIO GIRAY, ARACELI GOMEZ, JOEMARIE GONZAGA, NELIA GONZAGA, MARY GRANCE GOZON, CARMEN GONZALES, MERLITA GREGORIO, HERMINIA GONZALES, CARLITA DE GUZMAN, MODESTA GABRENTINA, EDITHA GADDI, SALVACIO GALIAS, MERLINDA GALIDO, MELINDA GAMIT, JULIETA GARCIA, EMELITA GAVINO, CHARITO GILLIA, GENERA GONEDA, CRESTITA GONZALES, HERMINIA GONZALES, FRANCISCA GUILING, JULIAN HERNANDEZ, GLECERIA HERRADURA, SUSANA HIPOLITO, NERISSA HAZ, SUSAN HERNAEZ, APOLONIA ISON, SUSAN IBARRA, LUDIVINA IGNACIO, CHOLITA INFANTE, JULIETA ITURRIOS, ANITA IBO, MIRASOL INGALLA, JULIO JARDINIANO, MERLITA JULAO, JULIETA JULIAN, MARIBETH DE JOSE, JOSEPHINE JENER, IMELDA JATAP, JULIETA JAVIER, SALOME JAVIER, VICTORIA JAVIER, SALVACION JOMOLO, EDNA JARNE, LYDIA JIMENEZ, TERESITA DE JUAN, MARILYN LUARCA, ROSITA LOSITO, ROSALINA LUMAYAG, LORNA LARGA, CRESTETA DE LEON, ZENAIDA LEGASPI, ADELAIDA LEON, IMELDA DE LEON, MELITINA LUMABI, LYDIA LUMABI, ASUNCION LUMACANG, REGINA LAPIADRIO, MELANIA LUBUGUAN, EVANGELINE LACAP, PELAGIA LACSI, LORNA LAGUI, VIRGIE LAITAN, VIRGINIA LEE, CRESTELITA DE LEON, FELICISIMA LEONERO, DIOSA LOPE, ANGELITA LOPEZ, TERESITA LORICA, JUANITA MENDIETA, JUANITA MARANQUEZ, JANET MALIFERO, INAS MORADOS, MELANIE MANING, LUCENA MABANGLO, CLARITA MEJIA, IRENE MENDOZA, LILIA MORTA, VIGINIA MARAY, CHARITO MASINAHON, FILMA MALAYA, LILIA MORTA, VIRGINIA MARAY, CHARITO MASINAHON, FILMA MALAYA, LILIA MORTA, ROSITA MATIBAG, LORENZA MLINA, SABINA DEL MUNDO, EDITHA MUYCO, NARCISA MABEZA, MA. FE MACATANGAY, CONCEPCION MAGDARAOG, IMELDA MAHIYA, ELSA MALLARI, LIGAYA MANAHAN, SOLEDA MANLAPAS, VIRGINIA MAPA, JOSEI MARCOS, LIBRADA MARQUEZ, VIRGINIA MAZA, JULIANITA MENDIETA, EDILBERTA MENDOZA, IRENE MERCADO, HELEN MEROY, CRISTINA MEJARES, CECILIA MILLET, EMELITA MINON, JOSEPHINE MIRANA, PERLITA MIRANO, EVANGELINE MISBAL, ELEANOR MORALES, TERESITA MORILLA, LYDIA NUDO, MYRIAM NAVAL, CAROLINA NOLIA, ALICIA NUNEZ, MAGDALENA NAGUIDA, ELSA NICOL, LILIA NACIONALES, MA. LIZA MABO, REMEDIOS NIEVES, MARGARITA NUYLAN, TERESITA NIEVES, PORFERIA NARAG, RHODORA NUCASA, CORAZON OCRAY, LILIA OLIMPO, VERONA OVERENCIA, FERMIN OSENA, FLORENCIA OLIVAROS, SOLEDAD OBEAS, NARISSA OLIVEROS, PELAGIA ORTEGA, SUSAN ORTEGA, CRISTINA PRENCIPE, PURITA PENGSON, REBECCA PACERAN, EDNA PARINA, MARIETA PINAT, EPIFANIA PAJERLAN, ROSALINA PASIBE, CECILIA DELA PAZ, LORETA PENA, APOLONIA PALCONIT, FRANCISCO PAGUIO, LYDIA PAMINTAHON, ELSIE PACALDO, TERESITA PADILLA, MYRNA PINEDA, MERCEIDTA PEREZ, NOVENA PORLUCAS, TERESITA PODPOD, ADORACION PORNOBI, ALICIA PERILLO, HELEN JOY PENDAL, LOURDES PACHECO, LUZVIMINDA PAGALA, LORETA PAGAPULAN, FRANCISCO PAGUIO, PRISCO PALACA, FLORA PAMINTUAN, NOEMI PARISALES, JOSEPHINE PATRICIO, CRISTINA PE BENITO, ANGELA PECO, ANGELITA PENA, ESTER PENONES, NORMA PEREZ, MAURA PERSEVERANCIA, MARINA PETILLA, JOSIE PIA, ZULVILITA PIODO, REBECCA PACERAN, CLARITA POLICARPIO, MAXIMO POTENTO, PORFIRIO POTENTO, FLORDELIZA PUMARAS, FERNANDO QUEVEDO, JULIANA QUINDOZA, CHARITO QUIROZ, CARMELITA ROSINO, RODELIA RAYONDOYON, FLORENCIA RAGOS, REBECCA ROSALES, ROSALYN RIVERO, FRANCISCO RUIZ, FRANCIA ROSERO, EMELY RUBIO, EDILBERTO RUIO, JUANA RUBY, RAQUEL REYES, MERCY ROBLES, ESTELA RELANO, ROSITA REYES NIMFA RENDON, EPIFANIO RAMIRO, MURIEL REALCO, BERNARDITA RED, LEONITA RODIL, BENITA REBOLA, DELMA REGALARIO, LENY REDILLAS, JULIETA DELA ROSA, FELICITAS DELA ROSA, SUSAN RAFALLO, ELENA RONDINA, NORMA RACELIS, JOSEPHINE RAGEL, ESPERANZA RAMIREZ, LUZVIMINDA RANADA, CRISTINA RAPINSAN, JOCELYN RED, ORLANDO REYES, TERESITA REYES, ANGELITA ROBERTO, DELIA ROCHA, EDLTRUDES ROMERO, MELECIA ROSALES, ZENAIDA ROTAO, BELEN RUBIS, FE RUEDA, SYLVIA SONGCAYAWON, CRISTINA SANANO, NERCISA SARMIENTO, HELEN SIBAL, ESTELITA SANTOS, NORMA SILVESTRE, DARLITA SINGSON, EUFROCINA SARMIENTO, MYRNA SAMSON, EMERLINA SADIA, LORNA SALAZAR, AVELINA SALVADOR, NACIFORA SALAZAR, TITA SEUS, MARIFE SANTOS, GRACIA SARMIENTO, ANGELITA SUMANGIL, ELIZABETH SICAT, MA. VICTORIA SIDELA, ANALITA SALVADOR, MARITES SANTOS, VIRGINIA SANTOS, THELMA SARONG, NILDA SAYAT, FANCITA SEGUNDO, FYNAIDA SAGUI, EDITHA SALAZAR, EDNA SALZAR, EMMA SALENDARIO, SOLEDAD SAMSON, EDNA SAN DIEGO, TERESITA SAN GABRIEL, GERTRUDES SAN JOSE, EGLECERIA OSANCHEZ, ESTRELLA SANCHEZ, CECILIA DELOS SANTOS, LUISA SEGOVIA, JOCELYN SENDING ELENA SONGALIA, FELICITAS SORIANO, OFELIA TIBAYAN, AIDA TIRNIDA, MONICA TIBAYAN, CRISTETA TAMBARAN, GLORIA TACDA, NENVINA, FELINA TEVES, ANTONINA DELA TORRE, MAXIMA TANILON, NENA TABAT, ZOSIMA TOLOSA, MARITA TENOSO, IMELDA TANIO, LUZ TANIO, EVANGELINE TAYO, JOSEFINA TINGTING, ARSENIA TISOY, MAGDALENA TRAJANO, JOSEFINA UBALDE, GINA UMALI, IRMA VALENZUELA, FELY VALDEZ, PAULINA VALEZ, ROSELITA VALLENTE, LOURDES VELASCO, AIDA VILLA, FRANCISCA VILLARITO, ZENAIDA VISMONTE, DELIA VILLAMIEL, NENITA VASQUEZ, JOCELYN VILLASIS, FERMARGARITA VARGAS, CELIA VALLE, MILA CONCEPCION VIRAY, DOMINGA VALDEZ, LUZVIMINDA VOCINA, MADELINE VIVERO, RUFINA VELASCO, AUREA VIDALEON, GLORIA DEL VALLE, THELMA VALLOYAS, CYNTHIA DELA VEGA, ADELA VILLAGOMEZ, TERESITA VINLUAN, EUFEMIA VITAN, GLORIA VILLAFLORES, EDORACION VALDEZ, ANGELITA VALDEZ, ILUMINADA VALENCI, MYRNA VASQUEZ, EVELYN VEJERAMO, TEODORA VELASQUEZ, EDAN VILLANUEVA, PURITA VILLASENOR, SALVADOR WILSON, EMELINA YU, ADELFA YU, ANA ABRIGUE, VIRGINIA ADOBAS, VICTORIA ANTIPUESTO, MERCEDITA CASTILLO, JOCELYN CASTRO, CREMENIA DELA CRUZ, JOSEPHINE IGNACIO, MELITA ILILANGOS, LIGAYA LUMAYAT, DELIA LUMBES, ROSITA LIBRADO, DELIA LAGRAMADA, GEMMA MAGPANTAY, EMILY MENDOZA, FIDELA PANGANIBAN, LEONOR RIZALDO, ILUMINDA RIVERA, DIVINA SAMBAYAN, ELMERITA SOLAYAO, NANCY SAMALA, JOSIE SUMARAN, LUZVIMINDA ABINES, ALMA ACOL, ROBERTO ADRIATICO, GLORIA AGUINALDO, ROSARIO ALEYO, CRISTETA ALEJANDRO, LILIA ALMOGUERA, CARMEN AMARILLO, TRINIDAD ARDANIEL, CERINA AVENTAJADO, ZENAIDA AVAYA, LOLITA ARABIS, MARIA ARSENIA, SOFIA AGUINALDO, SALVE ABAD, JOSEFINA AMBANGAN EMILIA AQUINO, JOSEFINA AQUINO, JULIANA AUSAN, AMERCIANA ACOSTA, CONCEPCION ALEROZA, DIANA ADOVOS, FELY ADVINCULA, SEOMINTA ARIAS, JOSEPHINE ARCEDE, NORMA AMISTOSO, PRESENTACION ALONOS, EMMA ATIENZA, LEONIDA AQUINO, ANITA ARILLON, ADELAIDA ARELLANO, NORMA AMISTOSO, JOSEPHINE ARCEDE, SEMIONITA ARIAS, JOSEFINA BANTUG, LOLITA BARTE, HERMINIA BASCO, MARGARITA BOTARDO, RUFINO BUGNOT, LOLITA BUSTILLO, ISABEL BALAKIT, ROSARIO BARRERO, TESSIE BALBOS, NORMA BENISANO, GUILLERMA BRUGES, BERNADETTE BARTOLOME, SHIRLEY BELMONTE, MERONA BELZA, AZUCENA BERNALES, JOSE BASCO, NIMPHA BANTOG, BENILDA BUBAN, REGINA BUBAN, SALOME BARRAMEDA, IRENE BISCO, FELICITAS BAUTISTA, VIOLETA BURA, LINA BINUYA, BIBIANA BAARDE, ELSA BAES, ANASTACIA BELONZO, SONIA BENOYO, ELIZABETH BACUNGAN, PATRICIA BARRAMEDA, ERLINDA BARCELONA, EMMA BANICO, APOLONIA BUNAO, LUCITA BOLEA, PACIFICA BARCELONA, EDITHA BASIJAN, RENITA BADAMA, ELENA BALADAD, CRESENCIA BAJO, BERNADITA BASILID, MELINDA BEATO, YOLANDA BATANES, EDITHA BORILLA, ANITA BAS, ELSA CALIPUNDAN, MARIA CAMERINO, VIRGINIA CAMPOSANO, MILAGROS CAPILI, CARINA CARINO, EUFEMIA CASIHAN, NENITA CASTRO, FLORENCIA CASUBUAN, GIRLIE CENTENO, MARIANITA CHIQUITO, IMELDA DELA CRUZ, TEODOSIA CONG, TEOFILA CARACOL, TERESITA CANTA, IRENEA CUNANAN, JULITA CANDILOSAS, VIOLETA CIERES, MILAGROS DELA CRUZ, FLOREPES CAPULONG, CARMENCITA CAMPO, MARILYN CARILLO, RUTH DELA CRUZ, RITA CIJAS, LYDIA CASTOR, VIRGIE CALUBAD, EMELITA CABERA, CRISTETA CRUZ, ERLINDA COGADAS, IMELDA CALDERON, SUSIE LUZ CEZAR, ESTELA CHAVEZ, NORMA CABRERA, ELDA DAGATAN, LEONISA DIMACUNA, ERNA DUGTONG, FLORDELISA DIGMA, VIRGILIO DADIOS, LOLITA DAGTA, ADELAIDA DORADO, CELSA DATUMANONG, VIRGINIA DOCTOLERO, EDNA SAN DIEGO, JULIETA DANG, JULIETA DORANTINAO, LOLITA DAGANO, JUDITH DIAZ, MARIA ENICANE, MARITA ESCARDE, ENRIMITA ESMAYOR, ROSARIO EPIRITU, REMEDIOS EMBOLTORIO, IRENE ESTUITA, TERESITA ERESE, ERMELINDA ELEZO, MARIA ESTAREJA, MERLITA ESQUERRA, YOLANDA FELICITAS, FRUTO FRANCIA, MARTHA FRUTO, LILIA FLORES, SALVACION FORTALESA, JUDITH FAJARDO, SUSANA FERNANDO, EDWIN FRANCISCO, NENITA GREGORY, ROSA CAMILO, MARIVIC GERRARDO, CHARITA GOREMBALEM, NORMA GRANDE, DOLORES GUTIERREZ, CHARLIE GARCIA, LUZ GALVEZ, ADELAIDA GAMILLA, LUZ GAPULTOS, ERLINDA GARCIA, HELEN GARCIA, ERLINDA GAUDIA, FRANCISCA GUILING, MINTA HERRERA, ASUNCION HONOA, JUAN HERNANDEZ, LUCERIA ANNA MAE HERNANDEZ, JULIANA HERNANDEZ, EDITHA IGNACIO, ANITA INOCENCIO, EULALIA INSORIO, ESTELITA IRLANDA, MILAGROS IGNACIO, LINDA JABONILLO, ADELIMA JAEL, ROWENA JARABJO, ROBERT JAVILINAR, CLARITA JOSE, CARMENCITA JUNDEZ, SOFIA LALUCIS, GLORIA LABITORIA, ANGELITA LODES, ERLINDA LATOGA, EVELYN LEGASPI, ROMEO LIMCHOCO, JESUS LARA, ESTRELLA DE LUNA, LORETA LAREZA, JOSEPHINE ALSCO, MERCY DE LEON, CONSOLACION LIBAO, MARILYN LIWAG, TERESITA LIZAZO, LILIA MACAPAGAL, SALVACION MACAREZA, AMALIA MADO, TERESITA MADRIAGA, JOVITA MAGNAYE, JEAN MALABAD, FRANCISCA MENDOZA, NELCITA MANGANTANG, TERESITA NELLA, GENEROZA MERCADO, CRISTETA MOJANA, BERNARDA MONGADO, LYDIA MIRANDA, ELISA MADRILEJOS, LOIDA MAGSINO, AMELIA MALTO, JULITA MAHIBA, MYRNA MAYORES, LUISA MARAIG, FLORENCIA MARAIG, EMMA MONZON, IMELDA MAGDANGAN, VICTORIA MARTIN, NOEMI MANGUILLO, BASILIZA MEDINA, VICTORIO MERCADO, ESTELA MAYPA, EMILIA MENDOZA, LINA MAGPANTAY, FELICIANA MANLOLO, ELENA MANACOP, WILMA MORENO, JUANA MENDOZA, EVELYN DEL MUNDO, ROSIE MATUTINA, MATILDE MANALO, TERESITA MENDEZ, FELIPINA MAGONCIA, MARIA MANZANO, LIGAYA MANALO, LETICIA MARCHA, MARINA MANDIGMA, LETICIA MANDASOC, PRESCILLA MARTINEZ, JULIA MENDOZA, PACITA MAGALLANES, ANGELINA MARJES, SHIRLEY MELIGRITO, IRENE MERCADO, ELISA MAATUBANG, MARCELINA NICOLAS, AGUSTINA NICOLAS, ROSA NOLASCO, WILMA NILAYE, VIOLETA ORACION, ANGELA OSTAYA, JUANITA OSAYOS, MAGDALENA OCAMPO, MARDIANA OCTA, ROSELA OPAO, LIBRADA OCAMPO, YOLANDA OLIVER, MARCIA ORLANDA, PAGDUNAN, RITA PABILONA, MYRA PALACA, BETHLEHEM PALINES, GINA PALIGAR, NORMA PALIGAR, DELMA PEREZ, CLAUDIA PRADO, JULIE PUTONG, LUDIVINA PAGSALINGAN, MERLYN PANALIGAN, VIOLETA PANAMBITAN, NOREN PAR, ERLINDA PARAGAS, MILA PARINO, REBECCA PENAFLOR, IMELDA PENAMORA, JERMICILLIN PERALTA, REBECCA PIAPES, EDITHA PILAR, MAROBETH PILLADO, DIOSCORO PIMENTEL, AURORA LAS PINAS, EVANGELINA PINON, MA. NITA PONDOC, MA. MERCEDES PODPOD, ANGELITO PANDEZ, LIGAYA PIGTAIN, LEONILA QUIAMBAO, ELENA QUINO, MARITESS QUIJANO, CHOLITA REBUENO, LOLITA REYES, JOCELYN RAMOS, ROSITA RAMIREZ, ELINORA RAMOS, ISABEL RAMOS, ANNABELLE RESURRECCION, EMMA REYES, ALILY ROXAS, MARY GRACE DELOS REYES, JOCELYN DEL ROSARIO, JOSEFINA RABUSA, ANGELITA ROTAIRO, SAMCETA ROSETA, EDERLINA RUIZ, ZENAIDA ROSARIO, BENITA REBOLA, ROSITA REVILLA, ROSITA SANTOS, ROWENA SALAZAR, EMILYN SARMIENTO, ANA SENIS, ELOISA SANTOS, NARCISA SONGLIAD, ELMA SONGALIA, AMPARA SABIO, JESSIE SANCHEZ, VIVIAN SAMILO, GLORIA SUMALINOG, ROSALINA DELOS SANTOS, MARIETA SOMBRERO, HELEN SERRETARIO, TEODORO SULIT, BELLA SONGUINES, LINDA SARANTAN, ESTELLA SALABAR, MILAGROS SISON, GLORIA TALIDAGA, CECILIA TEODORO, ROMILLA TUAZON, AMELITA TABULAO, MACARIA TORRES, LUTGARDA TUSI, ESTELLA TORREJOS, VICTORIA TAN, MERLITA DELA VEGA, WEVINA ORENCIA, REMEDIOS BALECHA, TERESITA TIBAR, LACHICA LEONORA, JULITA YBUT, JOSEFINA ZABALA, WINNIE ZALDARIAGA, BENHUR ANTENERO, MARCELINA ANTENERO, ANTONINA ALAPAN, EDITHA ANTOZO, ROWENA ARABIT, ANDRA AQUINO, TERESITA ANGULO, MARIA ANGLO, MYRNA ALBOS, ELENITA AUSTRIA, ANNA ABRIGUE, VIRGINIA ADOBAS, VICTORIA ANTIPUESTO, REMEDIOS BOLECHE, MACARIA BARRIOS, THELMA BELEN, ESTELLA BARRETTO, JOCELYN CHAVEZ, VIRGINIA CAPISTRANO, BENEDICTA CINCO, YOLLY CATPANG, REINA CUEVAS, VICTORIA CALANZA, FE CASERO, ROBERTA CATALBAS, LOURDES CAPANANG, CLEMENCIA CRUZ, JOCELYN COSTO, MERCEDITA CASTILLO, EDITHA DEE, LUCITA DONATO, NORMA ESPIRIDION, LORETA FERNANDEZ, AURORA FRANCISCO, VILMA FAJARDO, MODESTA GABRENTINA, TERESITA GABRIEL, SALVACION GAMBOA, JOSEPHINE IGNACIO, SUSAN IBARRA, ESPERANZA JABSON, OSCAR JAMBARO, ROSANNA JARDIN, CORAZON JALOCON, ZENAIDA LEGASPI, DELLA LAGRAMADA, ROSITA LIBRANDO, LIGAYA LUMAYOT, DELIA LUMBIS, LEONORA LANCHICA, RELAGIA LACSI, JOSEFINA LUMBO, VIOLETA DE LUNA, EVELYN MADRID, TERESITA MORILLA, GEMMA MAGPANTAY, EMILY MENDOZA, IRENEA MEDINA, NARCISA MABEZA, ROSANNA MEDINA, DELIA MARTINEZ, ROSARIO MAG-ISA, EDITHA MENDOZA, EDILBERTA MENDOZA, FIDELA PANGANIBAN, OFELIA PANGANIBAN, AZUCENA POSTGO, LOURDES PACHECO, LILIA PADILLA, MARISSA PEREZ, FLORDELIZA PUMARES, LUZ REYES, NORMA RACELIS, LEONOR RIZALDO, JOSIE SUMASAR, NANCY SAMALA, EMERLITA SOLAYAO, MERCEDITA SAMANIEGO, BLANDINA SIMBULAN, JOCELYN SENDING, LUISITA TABERRERO, TERESITA TIBAR, ESTERLINA VALDEZ, GLORIA VEJERANO, ILUMINADA VALENCIA, MERLITA DELA VEGA, VIRGIE LAITAN, JULIET VILLARAMA, LUISISTA OCAMPO, NARIO ANDRES, ANSELMA TULFO, GLORIA MATEO, FLANIA MENDOZA, CONNIE CANGO, EDITHA SALAZAR, MYRNA DELOS SANTOS, TERESITA SERGIO, CHARITO GILLA, FLORENTINA HERNAEZ, BERNARDINO VIRGINIA, AMPO ANACORITA, SYLVIA POASADAS, ESTRELLA ESPIRITU, CONCORDIA LUZURIAGA, MARINA CERBITO, EMMA REYES, NOEMI PENISALES, CLARITA POLICARPIO, BELEN BANGUIO, HERMINIA ADVINCULA, LILIA MORTA, REGINA LAPIDARIO, LORNA LARGA, TERESITA VINLUAN, MARITA TENOSO, NILDS SAYAT, THELMA SARONG, DELMA REGALIS, SUSAN RAFAULO, ELENA RONDINA, MYRNA PIENDA, VIOLETA DUMELINA, FLORENCIA ADALID, FILMA MELAYA, ERLINDA DE BAUTISTA, MATILDE DE BLAS, DOLORES FACUNDO, REBECCA LEDAMA, MA. FE MACATANGAY, EMELITA MINON, NORMA PAGUIO, ELIZA VASQUEZ, GLORIA VILLARINO, MA. JESUS FRANCISCO, TERESITA GURPIDO, LIGAYA MANALO, FE PINEDA, MIRIAM OCMAR, LUISA SEGOVIA, TEODY ATIENZA, SOLEDA AZCURE, CARMEN DELA CRUZ, DMETRIA ESTONELO, MA. FLORIDA LOAZNO, IMELDA MAHIYA, EDILBERTA MENDOZA, SYLVIA POSADAS, SUSANA ORTEGA, JOSEPHINE D. TALIMORO, TERESITA LORECA, ARSENIA TISOY, LIGAYA MANALO, TERESITA GURPIO, FE PINEDA, AND MARIA JESUS FRANCISCO, PETITIONERS, VS. HON. CRESENCIO J. RAMOS, NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, M. GREENFIELD (B), INC., SAUL TAWIL, CARLOS T. JAVELOSA, RENATO C. PUANGCO, WINCEL LIGOT, MARCIANO HALOG, GODOFREDO PACENO, SR., GERVACIO CASILLANO, LORENZO ITAOC, ATTY. GODOFREDO PACENO, JR., MARGARITO CABRERA, GAUDENCIO RACHO, SANTIAGO IBANEZ, AND RODRIGO AGUILING, RESPONDENTS.

R E S O L U T I O N

GONZAGA-REYES, J.:

Before us is petitioners' motion for partial reconsideration of our decision dated February 28, 2000,[1] the dispositive portion of which reads:[2]

"WHEREFORE, the petition is GRANTED; the decision of the National Labor Relations Commission in Case No. NCR-00-09-04199-89 is REVERSED and SET ASIDE; and the respondent company is hereby ordered to immediately reinstate the petitioners to their respective positions. Should reinstatement be not feasible, respondent company shall pay separation pay of one month salary for every year of service.  Since petitioners were terminated without the requisite written notice at least 30 days prior to their termination, following the recent ruling in the case of Ruben Serrano vs. National Labor Relations Commission and Isetann Department Store, the respondent company is hereby ordered to pay full backwages to petitioner-employees while the Federation is also ordered to pay full backwages to petitioner-union officers who were dismissed upon its instigation.  Since the dismissal of petitioners was without cause, backwages shall be computed from the time the herein petitioner employees and union officers were dismissed until their actual reinstatement. Should reinstatement be not feasible, their backwages shall be computed from the time petitioners were terminated until the finality of this decision.  Costs against the respondent company.

SO ORDERED."

Petitioners allege that this Court committed patent and palpable error in holding that "the respondent company officials cannot be held personally liable for damages on account of employees' dismissal because the employer corporation has a personality separate and distinct from its officers who merely acted as its agents" whereas the records clearly established that respondent company officers Saul Tawil, Carlos T. Javelosa and Renato C. Puangco have caused the hasty, arbitrary and unlawful dismissal of petitioners from work; that as top officials of the respondent company who handed down the decision dismissing the petitioners, they are responsible for acts of unfair labor practice; that these respondent corporate officers should not be considered as mere agents of the company but the wrongdoers.  Petitioners further contend that while the case was pending before the public respondents, the respondent company, in the early part of February 1990, began removing its machineries and equipment from its plant located at Merville Park, Paranaque and began diverting jobs intended for the regular employees to its sub-contractor/satellite branches;[3] that the respondent company officials are also the officers and incorporators of these satellite companies as shown in their articles of incorporation and the general information sheet.  They added that during their ocular inspection of the plant site of the respondent company, they found that the same is being used by other unnamed business entities also engaged in the manufacture of garments.  Petitioners further claim that the respondent company no longer operates its plant site as M. Greenfield thus it will be very difficult for them to fully enforce and implement the court's decision.  In their subsequent motion filed on the same day, petitioners also pray for the (A) inclusion of the names of employees listed in Annex "D" of the petition which they inadvertently omitted in the caption of the case, to wit: (1) Amores, Imelda (2) Andres, Josefina (3)Aragon, Felicidad (4) Arias, Genevive (5) Arroyo, Salvacion (6) Arceo, Elizabeth (7) Anonuevo, Monica (8) Abellada, Josefina (9) Advincula, Harmelina (10) Ajayo, Rosario (11) Alilay, Marilyn (12) Almario, Anliza (13) Almario, Angelita (14) Almazan, Marilou (15) Almonte, Rosalina (16) Alvaran, Marites (17) Alvarez, Edna (18) Ampo, Anacorita  (19) Aquino, Leonisa (20) Bactat, Celia (21) Carpio, Azucena G. (22) Cruz, Amelia (23) Glifonia, Eugenia (24) Escurel, Evelyn F. (25) Hilario, Bonifacio G. (26) Payuan, Adoracion (27) Perez, Mercedita (28) Rempis, Zenaida (29) Rosario, Margie deL (30) Salvador, Norma (31) Sambayanan, Olivia (32) Tiaga, Aida (33) Torbela, Maria (34) Trono, Nenevina (35) Varona, Asuncion (36) Vasquez, Elisa M. (37) Villanueva, Milagros (38) Villapondo, Eva C. (39) Villon, Adeliza T.; (B) correction of  their own typographical errors of the names of employees appearing in the caption, which should be as follows: Manuela Avelin, Belen Barquio, Lita Buquid, Violeta C. Ciervo, Marilou Dejocos, Maximina Faustino, Primitiva Gomez, Myrna Palaca, Mercedita Perez, Rebecca Poceran, Amorlita Rotairo, Emma Saludario, Tita Senis, Salvacion Wilson,[4] Anita Ahillon, Gregoria Arguelles, Tessie Balbis, Betty Borja, Rodrigo Buella, Celsa Doropan, Maria Enicame, Josephine Lasco, Julita Maniba, Juanita Osuyos, Juana Overencio, Azucena Postigo, Cristina Rapinan, Roselyn Rivero, Edeltrudes Romero, Rodelia Royandoyon, Fausta Segundo, Teodora Sulit, Elena Tebis, Paulina Valdez,[5] Susan Abogona, Diana Adovas, Carmen Rosimo Basco, Macaria Barrion, Maria Fe Berezo, Matilde de Blas, Rufina Bugnot, Aurora Bravo, Jovita Cera, Precila Carta, Amalia Eugenio, Milagros Fonseca, Jose Irlanda, Rowena Jarabejo, Regina Lapidario, Josie Marcos, Shirley Melegrito, Noemi Menguillo, Teresita Nierves, Ricardo Paloga, Florenia Ragos, Leonila Rodil, Emma Saludario, Narcisa Songuad, Josie Sumarsar, Evangeline Tayco;[6] (C) inclusion of other employees similarly situated whose names were not included in Annex "D" or in the caption of the case, to wit: (1) Dionisa Aban, (2) Alicia Aragon, (3) Vicky Francia, (4) Nelita F. Gelongos, (5) Erlinda San Juan, (6) Erlinda Baby Patungan Manalo, (7) Jenette Patungan,[7] (8) Blandina Simbahan,[8] (9) Asuncion Varona,[9] (10) Josefina Andres, (11) Teresita Arales, (12) Alice Artikulo, (13) Esther Cometa, (14) Eliza Cabiting, (15) Erlinda Dalut, (16) Edna Fernandez, (17) Emily Inocencio, (18) Esperanza Jalocon, (19) Imelda Jarabe, (20) Mercedes Pabadora, (21) Venerado Pastoral, (22) Cristina Perlas, (23) Margie del Rosario.[10]

In their Comment, the Solicitor General interposes no objection to petitioners' prayer for the inclusion of omitted and similarly situated employees and the correction of employees' names in the caption of the case.

On the other hand, private respondent company officials Carlos Javelosa and Remedios Caoleng, in their Comment, state that considering that petitioners admitted having knowledge of the fact that private respondent officers are also holding key positions in the alleged satellite companies, they should have presented the pertinent evidence with the public respondents; thus it is too late for petitioners to require this Court to admit and evaluate evidence not presented during the trial; that the supposed proof of satellite companies hardly constitute newly discovered evidence. Respondent officials interpose no objection to the inclusion of employees inadvertently excluded in the caption of the case but object to the inclusion of employees who were allegedly similarly situated for the reason that these employees had not been parties to the case, hence should not be granted any relief from the court. Respondent company failed to file its comment.[11]

Petitioners' contention that respondent company officials should be made personally liable for damages on account of petitioners' dismissal is not impressed with merit. A corporation is a juridical entity with legal personality separate and distinct from those acting for and in its behalf and, in general from the people comprising it.[12] The rule is that obligations incurred by the corporation, acting through its directors, officers and employees, are its sole liabilities.[13] True, solidary liabilities may at times be incurred but only when exceptional circumstances warrant such as, generally, in the following cases:[14]

1.  When directors and trustees or, in appropriate cases, the officers of a corporation -

(a)  Vote for or assent to patently unlawful acts of the  corporation;

(b)  act in bad faith or with gross negligence in directing the corporate affairs;

(c)  are guilty of conflict of interest to the prejudice of the corporation, its stockholders or members, and other persons.[15]

(2) When a director or officer has consented to the issuance of watered stocks or who, having knowledge thereof, did not forthwith file with the corporate secretary his written objection thereto.[16]

(3) When a director, trustee or officer has contractually agreed or stipulated to hold himself personally and solidarily liable with the Corporation.[17]

(4) When a director, trustee or officer is made, by specific provision of law, personally liable for his corporate action.[18]

In labor cases, particularly, the Court has held corporate directors and officers solidarily liable with the corporation for the termination of employment of corporate employees done with malice or in bad faith.[19] Bad faith or negligence is a question of fact and is evidentiary.[20] It has been held that bad faith does not connote bad judgement or negligence; it imports a dishonest purpose or some moral obliquity and conscious doing of wrong; it means breach of a known duty thru some motive or interest or ill will; it partakes of the nature of fraud.[21]

In the instant case, there is nothing substantial on record to show that respondent officers acted in patent bad faith or were guilty of gross negligence in terminating the services of petitioners so as to warrant personal liability.  As held in Sunio vs. NLRC,[22]

"We now come to the personal liability of petitioner, Sunio, who was made jointly and severally responsible with petitioner company and CIPI for the payment of the backwages of private respondents.  This is reversible error. The Assistant  Regional Director's Decision failed to disclose the reason why he was made personally liable.  Respondents, however, alleged as grounds thereof, his being the owner of one half (1/2) interest of said corporation, and his alleged arbitrary dismissal of private respondents.

Petitioner Sunio was impleaded in the Complaint in his capacity as General Manager of petitioner corporation. There appears to be no evidence on record that he acted maliciously or in bad faith in terminating the services of private respondents.  His act, therefore, was within the scope of his authority and was a corporate act.

It is basic that a corporation is invested by law with a personality separate and distinct from those of the persons composing it as well as from that of any other legal entity to which it may be related.  Mere ownership by a single stockholder or by another corporation of all or  nearly all of the capital stock of a corporation is not of itself sufficient ground for disregarding the separate corporate personality.  Petitioner Sunio, therefore, should nor have been made personally answerable for the payment of private respondents' back salaries."

Petitioners' claim that the jobs intended for the respondent company's regular employees were diverted to its satellite companies where the respondent company officers are holding key positions is not substantiated and was raised for the first time in this motion for reconsideration.  Even assuming that the respondent company officials are also officers and incorporators of the satellite companies, such circumstance does not in itself amount to fraud.  The documents attached to petitioners' motion for reconsideration show that these satellite companies[23] were established prior to the filing of petitioners' complaint against private respondents with the Department of Labor and Employment on September 6, 1989 and that these corporations have different sets of incorporators aside from the respondent officers and are holding their principal offices at different locations. Substantial identity of incorporators between respondent company and these satellite companies does not necessarily imply fraud.[24] In such a case, respondent company's corporate personality remains inviolable.[25]

Although there were earlier decisions of this Court in labor cases where corporate officers were held to be personally liable for the payment of wages and other money claims to its employees, we find those rulings inapplicable to this case.  In La Campana Coffee Factory, Inc. vs. Kaisahan ng Manggagawa sa La Campana (KKM),[26] La Campana Coffee Factory, Inc. and La Campana Gaugau Packing were substantially owned by the same person.  They had one office, one management, and a single payroll for both businesses.  The laborers of the gaugau factory and the coffee factory were also interchangeable, i.e., the workers in one factory worked also in the other factory.

In Claparols vs. Court of Industrial Relations,[27] the Claparol Steel and Nail Plant which was ordered to pay its workers backwages, ceased operations on June 30, 1957 and was succeeded on the next day, July 1, 1957 by the Claparols Steel Corporation.  Both corporations were substantially owned and controlled by the same person and there was no break or cessation in operations.  Moreover, all the assets of the steel and nail plant were transferred to the new corporation.

Notably, in the above-mentioned cases, a new corporation was created, owned by the same family, engaged in the same business and operating in the same compound, a situation which is not obtaining in the instant case.

In AC Ransom Labor Union-CCLU vs. NLRC,[28] the Court ruled that under the Minimum Wage Law, the responsible officer of an employer corporation can be held personally liable for non-payment of backwages for "if the policy of the law were otherwise, the corporation employer would have devious ways for evading of back wages." This Court said:

"In the instant case, it would appear that RANSOM, in 1969, foreseeing the possibility or probability of payment of backwages to the 22 strikers, organized ROSARIO to replace RANSOM, with the latter to be eventually phased out if the 22 strikers win their case. RANSOM actually ceased operations on May 1, 1973, after the December 19, 1972 Decision of the Court of Industrial Relations was promulgated against RANSOM."

Clearly, the situation in AC Ransom does not obtain in this case, where the alleged satellite companies were established even prior to the filing of petitioners' complaint with the Department of Labor.

Petitioners' prayer for the inclusion of employees listed in Annex "D" whose names were admittedly inadvertently excluded in the caption of the case and for the correction of typographical errors of the employees' names appearing in the caption, is well taken and is hereby granted.  However, petitioners' prayer for the inclusion of other employees allegedly similarly situated but whose names were not included either in Annex "D" or in the caption of the case must be denied.  A judgment cannot bind persons who are not parties to the action.[29] It is elementary that strangers to a case are not bound by the judgment rendered by the court and such judgment is not available as an adjudication either against or in favor of such other person.[30] Petitioners failed to explain why these employees allegedly similarly situated were not included in the submitted list filed before us. Such inclusion would be tantamount to a substantial amendment which cannot be allowed at this late stage of the proceedings as it will definitely work to the prejudice and disadvantage of the private respondents.[31]

WHEREFORE, petitioners' motion for reconsideration is partially granted so as to include the names of employees listed in Annex "D" which petitioners inadvertently omitted in the caption of this case, to wit: (1) Amores, Imelda (2) Andres, Josefina (3) Aragon, Felicidad (4) Arias, Genevive (5) Arroyo, Salvacion (6) Arceo, Elizabeth (7) Anonuevo, Monica (8) Abellada, Josefina (9) Advincula, Harmelina (10) Ajayo, Rosario (11) Alilay, Marilyn (12) Almario, Anliza (13) Almario, Angelita  (14) Almazan, Marilou (15) Almonte, Rosalina (16) Alvaran, Marites (17) Alvarez, Edna (18) Ampo, Anacorita (19) Aquino, Leonisa (20) Bactat, Celia (21) Carpio, Azucena G. (22) Cruz, Amelia (23) Glifonia, Eugenia (24) Escurel, Evelyn F. (25) Hilario, Bonifacio G. (26) Payuan, Adoracion (27) Perez, Mercedita (28) Rempis, Zenaida (29) Rosario, Margie del (30) Salvador, Norma (31) Sambayanan, Olivia (32) Tiaga, Aida (33) Torbela, Maria (34) Trono, Nenevina (35) Varona, Asuncion (36) Vasquez, Elisa M. (37) Villanueva, Milagros (38) Villapondo, Eva C. (39) Villon, Adeliza T.; and to correct the typographical errors of the names of employees appearing in the caption, as follows: Manuela Avelin, Belen Barquio, Lita Buquid, Violeta C. Ciervo, Marilou Dejocos, Maximina Faustino, Primitiva Gomez, Myrna Palaca, Mercedita Perez, Rebecca Poceran, Amorlita Rotairo, Emma Saludario, Tita Senis, Salvacion Wilson, Anita Ahillon, Gregoria Arguelles, Tessie Balbis, Betty Borja, Rodrigo Buella, Celsa Doropan, Maria Enicame, Josephine Lasco, Julita Maniba, Juanita Osuyos, Juana Overencio, Azucena Postigo, Cristina Rapinan, Roselyn Rivero, Edeltrudes Romero, Rodelia Royandoyon, Fausta Segundo, Teodora Sulit, Elena Tebis, Paulina Valdez, Susan Abogona, Diana Adovas, Carmen Rosimo Basco, Macaria Barrion, Maria Fe Berezo, Matilde de Blas, Rufina Bugnot, Aurora Bravo, Jovita Cera, Precila Carta, Amalia Eugenio, Milagros Fonseca, Jose Irlanda, Rowena Jarabejo, Regina Lapidario, Josie Marcos, Shirley Melegrito, Noemi Menguillo, Teresita Nierves, Ricardo Paloga, Florenia Ragos, Leonila Rodil, Emma Saludario, Narcisa Songuad, Josie Sumarsar, Evangeline Tayco.

SO ORDERED.

Melo (Chairman), and Sandoval-Gutierrez, JJ., concur.
Vitug, J., reiterates his separate opinion in Serrano v. NLRC (G.R. No. 117040, of Jan. 2000)
Panganiban, J., reiterates his separate opinion in Serrano v. NLRC, G.R. No. 117040, 27 Jan. 2000.



[1] Justice Purisima retired on October 28, 2000; the motion for reconsideration was raffled to herein ponente.

[2] Rollo, pp. 1691-1692; Decision, pp. 46-47.

[3] Hannahs Garment Corporation, Design Logistics, Inc., Blusa Inc., Quality Garments, Inc., Greenfield and Santiago, Subscriber's Fashion Link Corporation, Danielles Embroidery Inc.

[4] Motion dated April 4, 2000.

[5] Supplemental motion dated May 31, 2000.

[6] Compliance dated October 13, 2000.

[7] Listed in the motion dated April 4, 2000; Reiterated in the pleading dated August 3, 2000.

[8] Listed in Annex "D".

[9] Ibid.

[10] Supplemental motion dated May 31, 2000.

[11] The copy of the resolution dated July 5, 2000 requiring  respondent M. Greenfield to inform the Court of the name and address of its new counsel  was returned unserved with post master notation, "RTS, Moved left no address", hence this Court resolved that the July 5 resolution was deemed served on respondents.

[12] Santos vs. NLRC, 254 SCRA 673.

[13] Ibid.

[14] MAM Realty Development Corporation vs. NLRC, 244 SCRA 797 citing Tramat Mercantile Inc. vs. CA, 238 SCRA 14.

[15] Ibid citing Section 31, Corporation Code.

[16] Ibid citing Section 65, Corporation Code.

[17] Ibid citing De Asis and Co, Inc., vs. CA, 136 SCRA 599.

[18] Ibid citing  Article 144, Corporation Code; see also Section 13, PD 115 (Trust Receipts Law).

[19] MAM Realty Development Corp. vs. NLRC, supra; Sunio vs. NLRC, 127 SCRA 390; General Banking and Trust Co., et. al  vs. CA and Manuel E. Batucan, 135 SCRA 569.

[20] National Food Authority vs. CA, 311 SCRA 700.

[21] Board of Liquidators vs. Kalaw, 20 SCRA 987, 1007.

[22] 127 SCRA 390, 397-39.

[23] Hannah's Garment Corp. incorporated in January 14, 1987, Annex "C"; Design Logistics in February 1988, Annex "B", Blusa Inc. amended articles of incorporation in August 1988, Annex "D"; Fashion Link October 4, 1988, Annex "E"; Danielle's Embroidery in August 4, 1989, Annex "A"; S.R. Garments Inc. in August 7, 1989, Annex "F" (Petitioners' evidence).

[24] Del Rosario vs. NLRC, 187 SCRA 777.

[25] Ibid.

[26] 93 Phil 160 cited in Del Rosario vs. NLRC, supra.

[27] 65 SCRA 613, cited in Del Rosario vs. NLRC, supra.

[28] 142 SCRA 269.

[29] Matuguina Integrated Wood Products, Inc., vs. CA, 263 SCRA 490 citing Buazon vs. CA, 220 SCRA 182.

[30] Ibid.

[31] Barfel Development Corporation vs. CA, 223 SCRA 268 citing  Shaffer vs. Palma, 22 SCRA 934; Philippine Banking Corporation vs. IAC, et. al., 187 SCRA 257.



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